Lammas - a time to reap what you have sown, consolidate on what you have achieved and carefully prepare for the coming autumn that is approaching, lighting the path ahead with what you have accomplished. All love.
Lammas, Summer 2011: Jamie Reid
Welcome to the Eightfold Year. Every day a different painting will appear, along with moon phases, saints days, seasonal plants and other festive celebrations.
You can find out more about the concept of the Eightfold Year here.
We hope you enjoy this website. We will be adding content as we go through the year and welcoming your feedback and suggestions.
Onwards and Upwards!
Goddess Manifest (Mind The Gap), Summer 2011: Jamie Reid
Moon Phases, August 2014:
First Quarter – August 4, 0:50
Full Moon – August 10, 18:09
Last Quarter – August 17, 12:26
New Moon – August 25, 14:13
Read more: http://www.universetoday.com/99591/moon-phases-and-dates/#ixzz394z3QftE
Read more: http://www.universetoday.com/99591/moon-phases-and-dates/#ixzz2af2uRwCB
Iona, Summer 2011:Jamie Reid
Abgar V of Edessa (Syrian Church)
Alphonso Maria de' Liguori
Æthelwold of Winchester
Eusebius of Vercelli
Exuperius of Bayeux
Felix of Girona
Peter Apostle in Chains
Armed Forces Day (Lebanon)
Armed Forces Day or Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Liberation Army (People's Republic of China)
Celebration of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 which ended the slavery in the British Empire, generally celebrated as a part of Carnival, as the Caribbean Carnival takes place at this time (British West Indies, Anguilla, the Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Barbados, Bermuda, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago).
Feast of Kamál (Perfection); First day of the eighth month of the Bahá'í calendar. (Bahá'í Faith)
Liberation of Haile Selassie from slavery. (Rastafari movement)
National Day, celebrates the independence of Benin from France in 1960
National Day, commemorates Switzerland becoming a single unit in 1291
Procession of the Cross and the beginning of Dormition Fast (Eastern Orthodoxy)
Statehood Day (Colorado)
The beginning of Autumn observances:
Lughnasadh, traditionally begins on the eve of August 1. (Gaels, Ireland, Scotland, Neopagans)
Lammas (England, Scotland, Neopagans)
The first day of Carnaval del Pueblo (Burgess Park, London)
Yorkshire Day (Yorkshire, England)
World Scout Day, anniversary of the first day of the Brownsea Island Camp in 1907, where Robert Baden-Powell began training small boys for the military (aka scouting).
Flowering Now by Saul Hughes: Bramble the Plant of Lammas/Lughnasadh
Gaelic Name: Dreas, Grian Mhuine and Smearachd.
Also known as Blackberry, Brameberry, Brambleberry and Scaldhead.
The Bramble so well known to all, from childhood days of collecting this most delectable fruit that adorns the hedgerow and wild places of these Isles. The bramble is so well suited to the climate of these Isles that over three hundred distinct species can be identified.
Lammas or Lughnasa the Celtic feast that celebrated the funeral games of Lugh the God of Light, and the harvest, because it is at this time of the year that the God Lugh transfers his solar energy/power into the grains and fruits and is sacrificed on their harvest. It was this time of year that rituals celebrating the harvest were undertaken, agricultural deities were worshiped and paid homage too. The Church as was often the case could not shake of these pagan practices so instead assimilated them under the guise of the ‘harvest festival’ a celebration of the first fruits; this became known as Lammas and also as the feast of Saint Peter in Chains, in reference to St Peters deliverance from prison.
The sacred Bramble, the dark fruit of the fairies, begins to ripen to eat from the start of the feast of Lugh (1st August) till Michael mass day (29th September, modern date, 11th October, old date) when the devil spits on them and makes them unfit for human consumption, because when he was cast out of Heaven by the Archangel Michael he landed upon the thorny Bramble, ever since this event he would spoil this plant and claim it for his own on the feast day of the Archangel Michael; This spit of the devil is probably the fungus Botrtis Cinerea which sets in about this date, the devil was also said to trample on this plant and this may be from a leaf burrowing larva which makes hoof like shapes into the leaves also at about the same time period.
The Name of the Bramble, Brameberry and Brambleberry all stem from the same root source ‘Brymbyl’ meaning ‘prickly’. The country name ‘Scaldhead’ may stem from a medical condition associated with children who eat this fruit to excess or from this plant being used in the treatment of this scalp condition.
The name of the Genus ‘Rubus’ is from the Latin ‘Ruber’ Meaning ‘Red; in reference to the colour of the fruits of many species of this genus, the name of the species ‘Fructicosus’ is from the Latin meaning ‘Shrubby’ in reference to its growth appearance. The name of the family order it belongs too ‘Rosaceae’ (Rose) is derived from a Germanic name, which was composed of the elements ‘hrod’ (Fame) and ‘Heid’ (kind).
The Gaelic names: ‘Dreas’ means ‘Root/Entangle’ in reference to the roots that emerge out the ground and merge back into it making entangled loops, these loops were sought out as folk medicine were passing under them or passing the afflicted under them would cure all manner of ills in both human and cattle alike, The name ‘Grian Mhuine’ means ‘The Thorn that Basks in the Sun’ and the name ‘Smearachd’, means ‘Smear’ (The bush that smears) in reference to the blue/purple dye of its fruits.
The Bramble is under the auspices of planet Venus, and is scared to the Celtic God of light Lugh, the Greek God Ares, the Celtic Goddess Brighid and the Greek Goddess Ceres.
To dream of blackberries was said to foretell a loss or sorrow and remorse. Brambles were often planted around graves to prevent the dead from walking, they were planted by homes for protection from evil and to keep vampires at bay; Vampires upon spying them by the house they were going to enter, would become engaged in counting the dark berries that reflect the moonlight until the vampire had totally lost himself in his preoccupation, so much so that he would forget to enter the house and would have to leave on account of the now looming dawn.
Blackberry is a most healing herb, is generous to the fauna of these isles, and the root also yields a permanent black dye, the canes a red dye and the berries a bluish grey.*
Also on this day:
902 – Taormina, the last Byzantine stronghold in Sicily, is captured by the Aghlabid army.
1498 – Christopher Columbus becomes probably the first European to visit what is now Venezuela.
1820 – London's Regent's Canal opens.
1833 The British Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into force, abolishing slavery throughout most of the British Empire. The exceptions being territories controlled by the Honourable East India Company and Ceylon which were liberated in 1843 when they became part of the British Empire. Legally frees 700,000 in West Indies, 20,000 in Mauritius, 40,000 in South Africa.
1838 1 August – enslaved men, women and children in the British Empire finally became free after a period of forced apprenticeship following the passing of the Slavery Abolition Act in 1833.
1927 – The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.
1960 – Dahomey (later renamed Benin) declares independence from France.
1966 – 'Purges' of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People's Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
1967 – Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1984 – Commercial peat-cutters discovers a the preserved bog body of a man, called Lindow Man, at Lindow Moss, Cheshire, North West England.
2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office. Quite right too.
* All information regarding the uses of the plants is exactly for that informational purposes only, and that the author and owners of the web do not encourage anyone to be eating, or disturbing wild plants, but merely to admire them in their natural environment and to ponder on their rise and fall within human culture.